Eye-gaze and arrow cues influence elementary sound perception

Jeremy I. Borjon, Stephen V. Shepherd, Alexander Todorov, Asif A. Ghazanfar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


We report a novel effect in which the visual perception of eye-gaze and arrow cues change the way we perceive sound. In our experiments, subjects first saw an arrow or gazing face, and then heard a brief sound originating from one of six locations. Perceived sound origins were shifted in the direction indicated by the arrows or eye-gaze. This perceptual shift was equivalent for both arrows and gazing faces and was unaffected by facial expression, consistent with a generic, supramodal attentional influence by exogenous cues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1997-2004
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Issue number1714
StatePublished - Jul 7 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • General Environmental Science
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


  • Attention
  • Mimicry
  • Multisensory
  • Perceptual contagion
  • Sound localization


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