Extremal black holes as fundamental strings

Curtis Gove Callan, Juan M. Maldacena, Amanda W. Peet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

123 Scopus citations


We show that polarization-dependent string-string scattering provides new evidence for the identification of the Dabholkar-Harvey (DH) string solution with the heterotic string itself First, we construct excited versions of the DH solution which carry arbitrary left-moving waves yet are annihilated by half the supersymmetries. These solutions correspond in a natural way to Bogomolny-bound-saturating excitations of the ground state of the heterotic string. When the excited string solutions are compactified to four dimensions, they reduce to Sen's family of extremal black hole solutions of the toroidally compactified heterotic string. We then study the large impact parameter scattering of two such string solutions. We develop methods which go beyond the metric on moduli space approximation and allow us to read off the subleading polarization-dependent scattering amplitudes. We find perfect agreement with heterotic string tree amplitude predictions for the scattering of corresponding string states. Taken together, these results clearly identify the string states responsible for Sen's extremal black hole entropy. We end with a brief discussion of implications for the black hole information problem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)645-676
Number of pages32
JournalNuclear Physics B
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 16 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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