Extrapolation and DNS-mapping in determining laminar flame speeds of syngas/air mixtures

Xue Gong, Jialong Huo, Zhuyin Ren, Chung K. Law

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


The laminar flame speeds of atmospheric lean syngas/air flames were measured using the expanding spherical flame under isobaric conditions. Two methods, namely extrapolation and DNS-mapping, were utilized to determine the un-stretched laminar flame speed with quantified uncertainty from the experimentally measured instantaneous stretched flame speeds. Results from four extrapolation expressions show that the extrapolation uncertainty can exceed 5% for equivalence ratio of 0.5 and hydrogen mole fraction of 0.6. Two detailed chemical mechanisms, the Li-mech and the HP-mech, were used in the DNS-mapping. It is found that the uncertainty of DNS-mapping stays small, typically less than 2% for all the experimental conditions. The relative merits of extrapolation and DNS-mapping in determining the laminar flame speeds were then compared. Sensitivity analysis was also conducted and results show that H and OH radicals play crucial roles in the combustion chemistry of H2/CO flames. Furthermore, near linearity between the mass burning rate and the maximum mole fraction/concentration of the (H + OH) radicals was empirically observed for the equivalence ratios of 0.5–0.9, H2 content of 30–70% (by volume) at different pressures (1.0–50.0 atm) and initial temperatures (298–448 K).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-373
Number of pages9
JournalCombustion and Flame
StatePublished - Feb 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


  • DNS-mapping
  • Extrapolation
  • Laminar flame speed
  • Spherical flames
  • Syngas/air flames


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