Extracting all the randomness and reducing the error in Trevisan's extractors

Ran Raz, Omer Reingold, Salil Vadhan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

We give explicit constructions of extractors which work for a source of any min-entropy on strings of length n. The first construction extracts any constant fraction of the min-entropy using O(log2 n) additional random bits. The second extracts all the min-entropy using O(log3 n) additional random bits. Both of these constructions use fewer truly random bits than any previous construction which works for all min-entropies and extracts a constant fraction of the min-entropy. We then improve our second construction and show that we can reduce the entropy loss to 2 log(1/ε)+O(1) bits, while still using O(log3 n) truly random bits (where entropy loss is defined as [(source min-entropy)+(# truly random bits used) - (# output bits)], and ε is the statistical difference from uniform achieved). This entropy loss is optimal up to a constant additive term. Our extractors are obtained by observing that a weaker notion of `combinatorial design' suffices for the Nisan-Wigderson pseudorandom generator, which underlies the recent extractor of Trevisan. We give near-optimal constructions of such `weak designs' which achieve much better parameters than possible with the notion of designs used by Nisan-Wigderson and Trevisan. We also show how to improve our constructions (and Trevisan's construction) when the required statistical difference from uniform distribution ε is relatively small. This improvement is obtained by using multilinear error correcting codes over finite fields, rather than the arbitrary error correcting codes used by Trevisan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-158
Number of pages10
JournalConference Proceedings of the Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1999 31st Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing - FCRC '99 - Atlanta, GA, USA
Duration: May 1 1999May 4 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software

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