Extinction of counterflow diffusion flames with radiative heat loss and nonunity Lewis numbers

H. Y. Wang, W. H. Chen, C. K. Law

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The structure and extinction characteristics of counterflow diffusion flames with flame radiation and nonunity Lewis numbers of the fuel and oxidant are examined using multiscale asymptotic theory, and a model expressed in terms of the jump relations and reactant leakages with the proper consideration of the excess enthalpy overlooked in previous analyses is developed. The existence of the dual extinction limits in the presence of radiative heat loss, namely the kinetic limit at small Damköhler number (high stretch rate) and the radiative limit at large Damköhler number (low stretch rate), are identified. It is found that the former is minimally affected by radiative loss, while a substantial amount of heat loss is associated with the radiative limit. Reactant leakage, however, is the root cause for both limits. The influence of radiative loss on the extinction Damköhler numbers is found to be through its effects on the flame temperature, the excess enthalpy, and the reduced extinction Damköhler number. At both extinction limits, the contribution from the flame temperature is always important and dominant. The contributions from the other two, however, could be important in some special cases. At small LeF, the contribution from the reduced extinction Damköhler number is large and even dominant under small radiative loss. The contribution from the excess enthalpy is important for small LeO and it may be comparable to the contribution from the flame temperature when radiative loss is small. Thus, overlooking the excess enthalpy in previous analyses may have resulted in rather large error in the predicted extinction Damköhler numbers, especially the kinetic one.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)100-116
Number of pages17
JournalCombustion and Flame
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


  • Asymptotics
  • Diffusion flame
  • Excess enthalpy
  • Extinction


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