Expressions and their articulations and applications

Una Stojnić, Ernie Lepore

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The discussion that follows rehearses some familiar arguments and replies from the Kripke/Putnam/Burge critique of the traditional Frege/ Russell/Wittgenstein views on names and predicates. Its main contributions are, first, to introduce a novel way of individuating tokens of the same expression, (what we call “articulations”) second, to then revise standard views on deference, (as this notion is understood to pertain to securing access to meaning for potentially ignorant, and confused agents in the externalist tradition going back to Putnam and Burge) and lastly, to emphasize the often conflated distinction between disambiguation and meaning fixing. Our line on deference is that it is not, and should not be conceived as, an intentional mental act, but rather indicates an historical chain of antecedent tokenings of the same expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)477-496
Number of pages20
JournalCroatian Journal of Philosophy
Issue number57
StatePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Philosophy


  • Articulation
  • Burge
  • De facto deference
  • Dummett
  • Evans
  • Kripke
  • Network
  • Putnam


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