Exploring natural and anthropogenic variation of climate

S. Manabe, T. R. Knutson, R. J. Stouffer, T. L. Delworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


This lecture discusses the low-frequency variability of surface temperature using a coupled ocean-atmosphere-land-surface model developed at the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA. Despite the highly idealized parametrization of various physical processes, the coupled model simulates reasonably well the variability of local and global mean surface temperature. The first half of the lecture explores the basic physical mechanisms responsible for the variability. The second half examines the trends of local surface temperature during the last half century in the context of decadal variability simulated by the coupled model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-24
Number of pages24
JournalQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society
Issue number571
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science


  • Climate change
  • Climate modelling
  • Low-frequency variability


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