Experimental investigation of the stabilization and structure of turbulent cool diffusion flames

Christopher B. Reuter, Omar R. Yehia, Sang Hee Won, Matthew K. Fu, Katherine Kokmanian, Marcus Hultmark, Yiguang Ju

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


Although recent studies of laminar cool flames have provided important advances in understanding the low-temperature chemistry of both hydrocarbons and oxygenates, there has been limited experimental insight into how interactions between turbulence and chemistry occur in cool flames. To address this, a new Co-flow Axisymmetric Reactor-Assisted Turbulent (CARAT) burner has been developed and characterized in this investigation for the purpose of directly studying turbulent cool flames. A methodology for establishing stable turbulent cool diffusion flames under well-defined conditions is proposed. The structure of dimethyl ether flames is examined using both formaldehyde planar laser-induced fluorescence and Rayleigh scattering. It is found that weak turbulence produces wrinkled turbulent cool flames in which fluctuations occur mainly on the fuel side of the flame. However, at increased levels of turbulence, large pockets of unburned reactants appear in the vicinity of the cool flame, and structural fluctuations extend to both sides of the flame. This study offers a well-defined experimental platform for the study of turbulence-chemistry interactions at low temperatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624105241
StatePublished - 2018
EventAIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 2018 - Kissimmee, United States
Duration: Jan 8 2018Jan 12 2018

Publication series

NameAIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 2018


OtherAIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering


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