Experiential Explanation

Sara Aronowitz, Tania Lombrozo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


People often answer why-questions with what we call experiential explanations: narratives or stories with temporal structure and concrete details. In contrast, on most theories of the epistemic function of explanation, explanations should be abstractive: structured by general relationships and lacking extraneous details. We suggest that abstractive and experiential explanations differ not only in level of abstraction, but also in structure, and that each form of explanation contributes to the epistemic goals of individual learners and of science. In particular, experiential explanations support mental simulation and survive transitions across background theories; as a result, they support learning and help us translate between competing frameworks. Experiential explanations play an irreducible role in human cognition—and perhaps in science.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1321-1336
Number of pages16
JournalTopics in Cognitive Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Linguistics and Language


  • Abstraction
  • Explanation
  • Learning
  • Mental simulation
  • Narrative
  • Storytelling
  • Theory change


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