Exoplanet transit spectroscopy of hot jupiters using HST/WFC3

Korey Haynes, Avi M. Mandell, Evan Sinukoff, Nikku Madhusudhan, Adam Burrows, Drake Deming

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We present analysis of transit spectroscopy of three extrasolar planets, WASP-12 b, WASP-17 b, and WASP-19 b, using the Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Measurement of molecular absorption in the atmospheres of these planets offers the chance to explore several outstanding questions regarding the atmospheric structure and composition of these highly irradiated, Jupiter-mass objects. We analyze the data for a single transit for each planet, using a strategy similar in certain aspects to the techniques used by Berta (2012), and achieve almost photon-limited results for individual spectral bins. Our final transit spectra are consistent with the presence of a broad absorption feature at 1.4 μm most likely due to water, but the amplitude of the absorption is less than expected based on previous observations with Spitzer, possibly due to hazes absorbing in the NIR. However, the degeneracy of models with different compositions and temperature structures combined with the low amplitude of any features in the data preclude our ability to place unambiguous constraints on the atmospheric composition without a comprehensive multi-wavelength analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationExploring the Formation and Evolution of Planetary Systems
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages266-270
Number of pages5
EditionS299
ISBN (Print)9781107045200
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
NumberS299
Volume8
ISSN (Print)1743-9213
ISSN (Electronic)1743-9221

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Stars: planetary systems
  • Techniques: photometric
  • Techniques: spectroscopic
  • Transits

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  • Cite this

    Haynes, K., Mandell, A. M., Sinukoff, E., Madhusudhan, N., Burrows, A., & Deming, D. (2013). Exoplanet transit spectroscopy of hot jupiters using HST/WFC3. In Exploring the Formation and Evolution of Planetary Systems (S299 ed., pp. 266-270). (Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union; Vol. 8, No. S299). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1743921313008533