Excitons in nanoscale systems

Gregory D. Scholes, Garry Rumbles

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1087 Scopus citations


A cross-disciplinary review of the characteristic features of excitons in nanoscale system is presented. The review covered several topics including confinement effects, localization versus delocalization, exciton binding energy, exchange interactions, and exciton fine structures, exciton-vibration coupling, and dynamic of excitons. Excitons in nanoscale systems are formed by light absorption in molecules such as polyacenes and polyones, conjugated polymers, quantum dots, molecular aggregates, and carbon nanotubes. Conjugated polymer excitons play important roles in electroluminescent and photovoltaic devices, and some intriguing properties relevant to device optimization. Interesting spectroscopic properties of excitons, which are often miniscule in bulk materials, are also greatly accentuated in nanometer-sized materials and molecules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)683-696
Number of pages14
JournalNature Materials
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 3 2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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