We continue the analysis of the one-dimensional gas of Bose particles interacting via a repulsive delta function potential by considering the excitation spectrum. Among other things we show that: (i) the elementary excitations are most naturally thought of as a double spectrum, not a single one; (ii) the velocity of sound derived from the macroscopic compressibility is shown to agree with the velocity of sound derived from microscopic considerations, i.e., from the phonon spectrum. We also introduce a distinction between elementary excitations and quasiparticles, on the basis of which we give some heuristic reasons for expecting the double spectrum to be a general feature, even in three dimensions, and not an exception.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Physics and Astronomy