Size-dependent optical properties of semiconductor nanocrystals are of great interest because of the myriad of phenomena stemming from them. The preparation of more complex colloidal shapes will facilitate the systematic study of shape-dependent phenomena. It is shown that a strategy to obtain systematically more complex nanocrystal structures is to exert a sequence of shape-directing steps during the colloidal growth. Using experiments based on multiple reagent injections we show how changes in the type of surfactant introduced during growth of CdSe nanocrystals promotes shape evolution. On this basis, we propose a means to achieve a further generation of shape design in nanometer-sized colloids by using a series of growth steps, each one building from the previous conditions of shape as well as surface-specific reactivity. To understand the shape formation and stability in nanocrystalline colloids, and particularly the importance of surface ligands, we introduce an analogy with the thermodynamics of droplets.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)