Evolutionary game dynamics of controlled and automatic decision-making

Danielle F.P. Toupo, Steven H. Strogatz, Jonathan D. Cohen, David G. Rand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

We integrate dual-process theories of human cognition with evolutionary game theory to study the evolution of automatic and controlled decision-making processes. We introduce a model in which agents who make decisions using either automatic or controlled processing compete with each other for survival. Agents using automatic processing act quickly and so are more likely to acquire resources, but agents using controlled processing are better planners and so make more effective use of the resources they have. Using the replicator equation, we characterize the conditions under which automatic or controlled agents dominate, when coexistence is possible and when bistability occurs. We then extend the replicator equation to consider feedback between the state of the population and the environment. Under conditions in which having a greater proportion of controlled agents either enriches the environment or enhances the competitive advantage of automatic agents, we find that limit cycles can occur, leading to persistent oscillations in the population dynamics. Critically, however, these limit cycles only emerge when feedback occurs on a sufficiently long time scale. Our results shed light on the connection between evolution and human cognition and suggest necessary conditions for the rise and fall of rationality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number073120
JournalChaos
Volume25
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Evolutionary game dynamics of controlled and automatic decision-making'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this