Evolution of the active surface of the vanadyl pyrophosphate catalysts

V. V. Guliants, Jay Burton Benziger, Sankaran Sundaresan, N. Yao, I. E. Wachs

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Bulk crystallinity of vanadyl(IV) pyrophosphate catalysts for n-butane partial oxidation increased up to 23 days on stream as determined by XRD and Raman spectroscopy, while selectivity reached steady state after 8-10 days. Electron microscopy detected a 15 Å amorphous layer terminating the (200) planes of (VO)2P2O7 in fresh catalysts that was not observed in the equilibrated catalysts. It is suggested that ordering of (200) planes at the surface of (VO)2P2O7 is responsible for selective oxidation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-386
Number of pages8
JournalCatalysis Letters
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Sep 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Catalysis


  • VPO catalysis
  • high resolution electron microscopy
  • surface
  • vanadyl(IV) pyrophosphate


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