Evidence of a room-temperature quantum spin Hall edge state in a higher-order topological insulator

Nana Shumiya, Md Shafayat Hossain, Jia Xin Yin, Zhiwei Wang, Maksim Litskevich, Chiho Yoon, Yongkai Li, Ying Yang, Yu Xiao Jiang, Guangming Cheng, Yen Chuan Lin, Qi Zhang, Zi Jia Cheng, Tyler A. Cochran, Daniel Multer, Xian P. Yang, Brian Casas, Tay Rong Chang, Titus Neupert, Zhujun YuanShuang Jia, Hsin Lin, Nan Yao, Luis Balicas, Fan Zhang, Yugui Yao, M. Zahid Hasan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Room-temperature realization of macroscopic quantum phases is one of the major pursuits in fundamental physics1,2. The quantum spin Hall phase3–6 is a topological quantum phase that features a two-dimensional insulating bulk and a helical edge state. Here we use vector magnetic field and variable temperature based scanning tunnelling microscopy to provide micro-spectroscopic evidence for a room-temperature quantum spin Hall edge state on the surface of the higher-order topological insulator Bi4Br4. We find that the atomically resolved lattice exhibits a large insulating gap of over 200 meV, and an atomically sharp monolayer step edge hosts an in-gap gapless state, suggesting topological bulk–boundary correspondence. An external magnetic field can gap the edge state, consistent with the time-reversal symmetry protection inherent in the underlying band topology. We further identify the geometrical hybridization of such edge states, which not only supports the Z2 topology of the quantum spin Hall state but also visualizes the building blocks of the higher-order topological insulator phase. Our results further encourage the exploration of high-temperature transport quantization of the putative topological phase reported here.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1111-1115
Number of pages5
JournalNature Materials
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Evidence of a room-temperature quantum spin Hall edge state in a higher-order topological insulator'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this