Evidence gaps and diversity among potential win–win solutions for conservation and human infectious disease control

Skylar R. Hopkins, Kevin D. Lafferty, Chelsea L. Wood, Sarah H. Olson, Julia C. Buck, Giulio A. De Leo, Kathryn J. Fiorella, Johanna L. Fornberg, Andres Garchitorena, Isabel J. Jones, Armand M. Kuris, Laura H. Kwong, Christopher LeBoa, Ariel E. Leon, Andrea J. Lund, Andrew J. MacDonald, Daniel C.G. Metz, Nicole Nova, Alison J. Peel, Justin V. RemaisTara E. Stewart Merrill, Maya Wilson, Matthew H. Bonds, Andrew P. Dobson, David Lopez Carr, Meghan E. Howard, Lisa Mandle, Susanne H. Sokolow

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


As sustainable development practitioners have worked to “ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all” and “conserve life on land and below water”, what progress has been made with win–win interventions that reduce human infectious disease burdens while advancing conservation goals? Using a systematic literature review, we identified 46 proposed solutions, which we then investigated individually using targeted literature reviews. The proposed solutions addressed diverse conservation threats and human infectious diseases, and thus, the proposed interventions varied in scale, costs, and impacts. Some potential solutions had medium-quality to high-quality evidence for previous success in achieving proposed impacts in one or both sectors. However, there were notable evidence gaps within and among solutions, highlighting opportunities for further research and adaptive implementation. Stakeholders seeking win–win interventions can explore this Review and an online database to find and tailor a relevant solution or brainstorm new solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e694-e705
JournalThe Lancet Planetary Health
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)


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