Evaluating GCM land surface hydrology parameterizations by computing river discharges using a runoff routing model: application to the Mississippi Basin

G. E. Liston, Y. C. Sud, Eric F. Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

94 Scopus citations

Abstract

By following the basin overland flow paths, the routing model generates river discharge hydrographs that can be compared to observed river discharges, thus allowing an analysis of the general circulation model (GCM) representation of monthly, seasonal, and annual water balances over large regions. The runoff routing model consists of two linear reservoirs, a surface reservoir and a groundwater reservoir, which store and transport water. The water transport mechanisms operating within these two reservoirs are differentiated by their time scales; the groundwater reservoir transports water much more slowly than the surface reservoir. The groundwater reservoir feeds the corresponding surface store, and the surface stores are connected via the river network. Two land surface hydrology parameterizations provide the gridded runoff data required to run the runoff routing scheme: the variable infiltration capacity model, and the soil moisture component of the simple biosphere model. Investigations have quantified the importance of physically realistic soil moisture holding capacities, evaporation parameters, and runoff mechanisms in land surface hydrology formulations. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)394-405
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Applied Meteorology
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science

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