Dopants in silicon have been studied for many decades using optical and electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. Recently, new features have been observed in the spectra of dopants in isotopically enriched Si28 since the reduced inhomogeneous linewidth in this material improves spectral resolution. With this in mind, we measured ESR on exchange coupled phosphorus dimers in Si28 and report two results. First, a fine structure is observed in the ESR spectrum arising from state mixing by the hyperfine coupling to the P31 nuclei, which is enhanced when the exchange energy is comparable to the Zeeman energy. This fine structure enables us to spectroscopically address two separate dimer subensembles, the first with exchange (J) coupling ranging from 2 to 7 GHz and the second with J ranging from 6 to 60 GHz. Next, the average spin relaxation times T1 and T2 of both dimer subensembles were measured using pulsed ESR at 0.35 T. Both T1 and T2 for transitions between triplet states of the dimers were found to be identical to the relaxation times of isolated phosphorus donors in Si28, with T2=4 ms at 1.7 K limited by spectral diffusion due to dipolar interactions with neighboring donor electron spins. This result, consistent with theoretical predictions, implies that an exchange coupling of 2-60 GHz does not limit the dimer T1 and T2 in bulk Si at the 10-ms time scale.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Jun 9 2015|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics