Er-doped anatase TiO2thin films on LaAlO3(001) for quantum interconnects (QuICs)

Kidae Shin, Isaiah Gray, Guillaume Marcaud, Sebastian P. Horvath, Frederick J. Walker, Jeff D. Thompson, Charles H. Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Rare-earth ions (REIs) doped into solid-state crystal hosts offer an attractive platform for realizing quantum interconnects that can function as quantum memories and quantum repeaters. The 4f valence electrons of REIs are shielded by 5s and 5p electrons and undergo highly coherent transitions even when embedded in host crystals. In particular, Er3+ has an optical transition in the telecom band that is suitable for low-loss communication. Recently, REIs in thin film systems have gained interest due to potential advantages in providing a flexible host crystal environment, enabling scalable on-chip integration with other quantum devices. Here, we investigate the structural and optical properties of Er-doped anatase TiO2 thin films on LaAlO3 (001) substrates. By choosing a system with minimal lattice mismatch and adjusting Er-dopant concentration, we achieve optical inhomogeneous linewidths of 5 GHz at 4.5 K. We show that 9 nm-thick buffer and capping layers can reduce the linewidth by more than 40%, suggesting a pathway to further narrowing linewidths in this system. We also identify that Er3+ ions mainly incorporate into substitutional Ti4+ sites with non-polar D2d symmetry, which makes Er dopants insensitive to the first order to local electric fields from impurities and is desirable for coherence properties of Er3+ spins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number081902
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 22 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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