Equilibrium statistical mechanics of matter interacting with the quantized radiation field

Klaus Hepp, Elliott Lieb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

259 Scopus citations

Abstract

The thermodynamic properties of several systems of multilevel atoms interacting with a quantized radiation field are investigated. We allow a quantum-mechanical treatment of the translational degrees of freedom and do not require the rotating-wave approximation. In the finite-photon-mode case one can calculate the free energy per atom in the thermodynamic limit exactly and rigorously. In the infinite-mode case we only get upper and lower bounds, but these are sufficient to give conditions for thermodynamic stability and instability. The kind of phase transition previously found by us for the one-mode Dicke model with the rotating-wave approximation persists in the general multimode case.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2517-2525
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1973

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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