Equilibrium climate change - and its implications for the future

J. F.B. Mitchell, S. Manabe, V. Meleshko, T. Tokioka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

459 Scopus citations


The main equilibrium changes in climate, due to doubling CO2, deduced from models are given below: Near the Earth's surface the global average warming lies between 1.5°C and 4.5°C, with a "best guess' of 2.5°C. There is much greater effect in high latitudes, than in the tropics. At the same time, the stratosphere cools. Global average precipitation (and evporation) increases by 3% to 15%. The area of sea-ice and seasonal snow cover diminish. -J.F.Austin

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-172
Number of pages42
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - 1990

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Environmental Science
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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