Equation of state of the energy landscape of SPC/E water

C. J. Roberts, P. G. Debenedetti, F. H. Stilling

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34 Scopus citations


The contributions to the thermodynamics of liquid SPC/E water from its inherent structures have been determined over a broad range of temperature and density (220-500 K, 0.8-1.25 g/cm3). Molecular dynamics simulations of shifted-force SPC/E water give a retracing locus of density maxima in the equilibrium liquid with a retracing point at ca. 275 K and -200 bar, showing that over a large range of temperature and pressure the inherent structures correspond to a liquid with negative thermal expansion. Both the pressure and potential energy in the inherent structures show a strong dependence on the temperature of the liquid from which the mechanically stable packings are generated. The potential energy of the inherent structures also shows a striking behavior at low temperatures, attaining lower energies than the ground states of pure crystalline forms. This contrasts with simple molecular liquids having no orientation-dependent interactions and suggests novel microscopic interpretations for a number of water's anomalous properties, such as the polyamorphic transition between its glassy phases, and a fragile-to-strong transition as the liquid is supercooled to its vitreous form.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10258-10265
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number46
StatePublished - Nov 18 1999
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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