EPIC 219388192b - An Inhabitant of the Brown Dwarf Desert in the Ruprecht 147 Open Cluster

Grzegorz Nowak, Enric Palle, Davide Gandolfi, Fei Dai, Antonino F. Lanza, Teruyuki Hirano, Oscar Barragán, Akihiko Fukui, Hans Bruntt, Michael Endl, William D. Cochran, Pier G.Prada Moroni, Jorge Prieto-Arranz, Amanda Kiilerich, David Nespral, Artie P. Hatzes, Simon Albrecht, Hans Deeg, Joshua N. Winn, Liang YuMasayuki Kuzuhara, Sascha Grziwa, Alexis M.S. Smith, Eike W. Guenther, Vincent Van Eylen, Szilard Csizmadia, Malcolm Fridlund, Juan Cabrera, Philipp Eigmüller, Anders Erikson, Judith Korth, Norio Narita, Martin Pätzold, Heike Rauer, Ignasi Ribas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ruprecht 147, the oldest nearby open cluster association, which was photometrically monitored by K2 during its Campaign 7. We combine the K2 time-series data with ground-based adaptive optics imaging and high-resolution spectroscopy to rule out false positive scenarios and determine the main parameters of the system. EPIC 219388192b has a radius of Rb= 0.937 ± 0.032 RJup and mass of Mb = 36.84 ± 0.97 MJup , yielding a mean density of 59.6 ± 7.6 g cm-3. The host star is nearly a solar twin with mass M = 1.01 ± 0.04 Me, radius R = 1.01 ± 0.03 Re, effective temperature Teff=5850 ± 85 K, and iron abundance [Fe/H] = 0.03 ± 0.08 dex. Its age, spectroscopic distance, and reddening are consistent with those of Ruprecht 147, corroborating its cluster membership. EPIC 219388192b is the first mature brown dwarf with precise determinations of mass, radius, and age, and serves as benchmark for evolutionary models in the substellar regime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number131
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume153
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • brown dwarfs
  • stars: individual (EPIC 219388192)
  • techniques: photometric
  • techniques: radial velocities
  • techniques: spectroscopic

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