Envy as Predicted by the Stereotype Content Model: A Volatile Ambivalence

Lasana T. Harris, Mina Cikara, Susan T. Fiske

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


People have an affective response to others based on their perceived social category. This group-based affect is influenced by the target's perceived warmth and competence, and affects subsequent behavioral tendencies toward the target. One such group-based emotion is envy, an ambivalent reaction that entails both admiration and dislike to social targets. Envied targets elicit obligatory association but often also elicit active harm when social contexts allow it. This chapter discusses the mechanisms of this volatile ambivalent social emotion within the context of social psychological research and neuroscience. In addition, it addresses social psychological questions using both neuroscience and questionnaire data. First, the chapter describes envy as an ambivalent emotion, and then places it within the stereotype content model of intergroup emotions. It then examines its cognitive, neural, and behavioral concomitant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEnvy
Subtitle of host publicationTheory and Research
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199301485
ISBN (Print)9780195327953
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Psychology


  • Ambivalent emotion
  • Envied persons
  • Envy
  • Neuroscience
  • Social psychological research


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