We report a method for preparing highly photoluminescent, water-soluble CdSe/CdS/ZnS core/shell/shell and CdSe/ZnS core/shell quantum dots (QDs) colloidally stabilized by double hydrophilic copolymers. The polymers, either a diblock copolymer poly(ethylene glycol-b-2-N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PEG-b-PDMA) or a statistical copolymer poly(oligoethylene glycol methacrylate-co-2-N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (POEG-co-PDMA), were able to replace the hexadecylamine (HDA) or trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) ligands on the surface of the assynthesized QDs and impart water-solubility and colloidal stability to the QD nanocrystals. In water, the [CdSe/ZnS]/POEG-co- PDMA colloids were present in the form of aggregates with a mean apparent hydrodynamic radius R h of 54 nm and a narrow size distribution. Although the photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield (QY) of the polymer-treated QDs decreased upon transfer from an organic medium to water, much of this loss in brightness could be restored by the addition to the solution of an excess of a water-soluble primary amine such as 3-amino-propanol (APP). This chemicalactivation strategy of adding primary amines as PL activators to polymer-stabilized QDs did not lead to a spectral shift of either the absorption or emission of the QDs in water.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces