Enhancing Carrier Mobilities in Organic Thin-Film Transistors Through Morphological Changes at the Semiconductor/Dielectric Interface Using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Processing

Ban Xuan Dong, Jojo A. Amonoo, Geoffrey E. Purdum, Yueh Lin Loo, Peter F. Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Charge-carrier mobilities in poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs) increase 5-fold when OTFTs composed of P3HT films on trichloro (1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-perfluorooctyl) silane (FTS) monolayers supported on SiO2 dielectric substrates (P3HT/FTS/SiO2/Si) are subjected to supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) processing. In contrast, carrier mobilities in P3HT/octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS)/SiO2 OTFTs processed using scCO2 are comparable to mobilities measured in as-cast P3HT/OTS/SiO2/Si devices. Topographical images of the free and buried interfaces of P3HT films reveal that scCO2 selectively alters the P3HT morphology near the buried P3HT/FTS-SiO2 interface; identical processing has negligible effects at the P3HT/OTS-SiO2 interface. A combination of spectroscopic ellipsometry and grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction experiments indicate insignificant change in the orientation distribution of the intermolecular π-π stacking direction of P3HT/FTS with scCO2 processing. The improved mobilities are instead correlated with enhanced in-plane orientation of the conjugated chain backbone of P3HT after scCO2 annealing. These findings suggest a strong dependence of polymer processing on the nature of polymer/substrate interface and the important role of backbone orientation toward dictating charge transport of OTFTs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31144-31153
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume8
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 16 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

Keywords

  • backbone orientation
  • conjugated polymer
  • ellipsometry
  • organic thin film transistor
  • scCO processing
  • self-assembled monolayers
  • structure-transport relationship

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