Enhancement of electron injection into a light-emitting polymer from an aluminum oxide cathode modified by a self-assembled monolayer

Yana Vaynzof, T. Joseph Dennes, Jeffrey Schwartz, Antoine Kahn

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Abstract

A self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of octylphosphonate was deposited on an Al Ox electrode using the tethering by aggregation and growth (T-BAG) procedure. Ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS) measurements showed a decrease in the substrate work function from 3.8 to 3.3 eV. Poly [9, 9′ -dioctylfluorene-co-bis- N, N′ -(4-butylphenyl)-diphenylamine] (TFB) films spin coated on the bare and the SAM-modified oxide surfaces were investigated by UPS. A shift in molecular levels, corresponding to a reduction in the electron injection barrier, was observed for the SAM-modified electrode. This barrier lowering was confirmed by current-voltage measurements showing a corresponding increase in electron current through the TFB/SAM/ Al Ox device.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103305
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume93
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 19 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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