Engineering amount of cell-cell contact demonstrates biphasic proliferative regulation through RhoA and the actin cytoskeleton

Darren S. Gray, Wendy F. Liu, Colette J. Shen, Kiran Bhadriraju, Celeste M. Nelson, Christopher S. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endothelial cell-cell contact via VE-cadherin plays an important role in regulating numerous cell functions, including proliferation. However, using different experimental approaches to manipulate cell-cell contact, investigators have observed both inhibition and stimulation of proliferation depending on the adhesive context. In this study, we used micropatterned wells combined with active positioning of cells by dielectrophoresis in order to investigate whether the number of contacting neighbors affected the proliferative response. Varying cell-cell contact resulted in a biphasic effect on proliferation; one contacting neighbor increased proliferation, while two or more neighboring cells partially inhibited this increase. We also observed that cell-cell contact increased the formation of actin stress fibers, and that expression of dominant negative RhoA (RhoN19) blocked the contact-mediated increase in stress fibers and proliferation. Furthermore, examination of heterotypic pairs of untreated cells in contact with RhoN19-expressing cells revealed that intracellular, but not intercellular, tension is required for the contact-mediated stimulation of proliferation. Moreover, engagement of VE-cadherin with cadherin-coated beads was sufficient to stimulate proliferation in the absence of actual cell-cell contact. In all, these results demonstrate that cell-cell contact signals through VE-cadherin, RhoA, and intracellular tension in the actin cytoskeleton to regulate proliferation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2846-2854
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume314
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 10 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cell Biology

Keywords

  • Cadherin 5
  • Cell shape
  • Dielectrophoresis
  • Endothelial cell
  • Force
  • Mechanotransduction
  • Rho
  • Tension
  • VE-cadherin

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