Energy-efficient joint user-RB association and power allocation for uplink hybrid NOMA-OMA

Ming Zeng, Animesh Yadav, Octavia A. Dobre, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

122 Scopus citations


In this paper, energy efficient resource allocation is considered for an uplink hybrid system, where non-orthogonal multiple access is integrated into orthogonal multiple access (OMA). To ensure the quality of service for the users, a minimum rate requirement is predefined for each user. An energy efficiency (EE) maximization problem is formulated by jointly optimizing the user clustering, channel assignment, and power allocation (PA). To address this problem, a many-to-one bipartite graph is first constructed considering the users and resource blocks (RBs) as the two sets of nodes. Based on swap matching, a joint user-RB association and PA scheme is proposed, which converges within a limited number of iterations. Moreover, for the PA under a given user-RB association, a feasibility condition is first derived. If feasible, a low-complexity algorithm is proposed, which obtains optimal EE for any successive interference cancellation (SIC) order and an arbitrary number of users. In addition, for the special case of two users per cluster, analytical solutions are provided for the two orders in which SIC can be implemented. These solutions shed light on how the power is allocated for each user to maximize the EE. Numerical results are presented, which show that the proposed joint user-RB association and PA algorithm outperforms other hybrid multiple-access-based and OMA-based schemes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8632657
Pages (from-to)5119-5131
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


  • Energy efficiency (EE)
  • Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)
  • Power allocation (PA)
  • Uplink transmission


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