Energetic particles in the Jovian magnetotail

R. L. McNutt, D. K. Haggerty, M. E. Hill, S. M. Krimigis, S. Livi, G. C. Ho, R. S. Gurnee, B. H. Mauk, D. G. Mitchell, E. C. Roelof, D. J. McComas, F. Bagenal, H. A. Elliott, L. E. Brown, M. Kusterer, J. Vandegriff, S. A. Stern, H. A. Weaver, J. R. Spencer, J. M. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

When the solar wind hits Jupiter's magnetic field, it creates a long magnetotail trailing behind the planet that channels material out of the Jupiter system. The New Horizons spacecraft traversed the length of the jovian magnetotail to >2500 jovian radii (RJ; 1 RJ=71,400 kilometers), observing a high-temperature, multispecies population of energetic particles. Velocity dispersions, anisotropies, and compositional variation seen in the deep-tail (≳ 500 RJ) with a ∼3-day periodicity are similar to variations seen closer to Jupiter in Galileo data. The signatures suggest plasma streaming away from the planet and injection sites in the near-tail region (∼200 to 400 RJ) that could be related to magnetic reconnection events. The tail structure remains coherent at least until it reaches the magnetosheath at 1655 RJ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-222
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume318
Issue number5848
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 12 2007
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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    McNutt, R. L., Haggerty, D. K., Hill, M. E., Krimigis, S. M., Livi, S., Ho, G. C., Gurnee, R. S., Mauk, B. H., Mitchell, D. G., Roelof, E. C., McComas, D. J., Bagenal, F., Elliott, H. A., Brown, L. E., Kusterer, M., Vandegriff, J., Stern, S. A., Weaver, H. A., Spencer, J. R., & Moore, J. M. (2007). Energetic particles in the Jovian magnetotail. Science, 318(5848), 220-222. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1148025