Enantioselective organocatalytic indole alkylations. Design of a new and highly effective chiral amine for iminium catalysis

Joel F. Austin, David W.C. MacMillan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

549 Scopus citations

Abstract

The indole framework has become widely identified as a "privileged" structure with representation in over 3000 natural isolates and 40 medicinal agents of diverse therapeutic action. A new strategy for asymmetric access to this important pharmacaphore has been accomplished that involves the amine catalyzed alkylation of indoles with α,β-unsaturated aldehydes. Central to these studies has been the design of a new chiral amine catalyst that exhibits improved reactivity and selectivity for iminium catalysis. This new (2S,5S)-5-benzyl-2-tert-butyl-imidazolidinone catalyst has enabled the conjugate addition of a variety of indole systems to a diverse range of α,β-unsaturated aldehydes in high yield and with excellent levels of enantiocontrol (70-97% yield, 84-97% ee). A demonstration of the utility of this new organocatalytic alkylation for the rapid construction of biomedically relevant molecules is presented in the enantioselective synthesis of an indolobutyric acid COX-2 inhibitor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1172-1173
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume124
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 20 2002
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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