Enantioselective organocatalytic epoxidation using hypervalent iodine reagents

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Abstract

A rare example of a hypervalent iodine reagent participating in a 1,4-heteroconjugate addition reaction is reported for the organocatalytic, asymmetric epoxidation of α,β-unsaturated aldehydes using imidazolidinone catalyst 1. Development of an 'internal syringe pump' effect via the slow release of iodosobenzene from an iminoiodinane source provides high levels of reaction efficiency and enantiomeric control in the asymmetric epoxidation of electron-deficient olefins. 15N NMR studies were conducted to elucidate the reaction pathways that lead to catalyst depletion in the presence of prototypical oxidants. These NMR studies also provided the mechanistic foundation for the application of iminoiodinanes as an internal slow release oxidant to circumvent these catalyst depletion pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11413-11424
Number of pages12
JournalTetrahedron
Volume62
Issue number49
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 4 2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

Keywords

  • Enantioselective
  • Epoxidation
  • Iodosobenzene
  • Organocatalysis

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