Enabling Uncoordinated Dynamic Spectrum Sharing Between LTE and NR Networks

Merkebu Girmay, Vasilis Maglogiannis, Dries Naudts, Timo De Waele, Eli De Poorter, Adnan Shahid, H. Vincent Poor, Ingrid Moerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Dynamic Spectrum Sharing (DSS) is an enabler for a seamless transition from 4G Long Term Evolution (LTE) to 5G New Radio (NR) by utilizing existing LTE bands without static spectrum re-farming. In this paper, we propose a cross-band DSS scheme that utilizes the Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service over a Single Frequency Network (MBSFN) feature of an LTE network and the Multicast Broadcast Service (MBS) feature of an NR network. The proposed DSS scheme utilizes LTE and NR resource controllers to assign muted MBSFN subframes on the LTE band and muted MBS subframes on the NR band based on traffic needs. In contrast to the state-of-the-art, the proposed DSS scheme does not require a coordination signaling channel between the LTE and NR networks. Instead, a machine learning-based Technology Recognition and Traffic Characterization (TRTC) system is used to identify and characterize traffic patterns. The LTE and NR resource controllers use the TRTC to sense the muted subframes and offload traffic accordingly. On average, the proposed DSS, as compared to static band configuration, improves the LTE throughput, NR throughput, LTE band spectrum utilization efficiency, and NR band spectrum utilization efficiency by 13.5%, 8.3%, 11.8%, and 20.7%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
StateAccepted/In press - 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


  • 4G LTE
  • 5G NR
  • DSS
  • MBS
  • Spectrum sharing
  • Technology recognition


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