Emerging infectious pathogens of wildlife

Andrew P. Dobson, J. Foufopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

400 Scopus citations

Abstract

The first part of this paper surveys emerging pathogens of wildlife recorded on the ProMED Web site for a 2-year period between 1998 and 2000. The majority of pathogens recorded as causing disease outbreaks in wildlife were viral in origin. Anthropogenic activities caused the outbreaks in a significant majority of cases. The second part of the paper develops some matrix models for quantifying the basic reproductive number, R0, for a variety of potential types of emergent pathogen that cause outbreaks in wildlife. These analyses emphasize the sensitivity of R0 to heterogeneities created by either the spatial structure of the host population, or the ability of the pathogens to utilize multiple host species. At each stage we illustrate how the approach provides insight into the initial dynamics of emergent pathogens such as canine parvovirus, Lyme disease, and West Nile virus in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1001-1012
Number of pages12
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume356
Issue number1411
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 29 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Keywords

  • Emerging disease
  • Epidemiology
  • Mathematical model
  • R
  • Survey
  • West Nile virus

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