Elevated temperature evaluation of an existing steel web shear buckling analytical model

Maria Eugenia Moreyra Garlock, Jonathan D. Glassman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Steel plate girders with slender webs are particularly susceptible to severe damage when subjected to high temperatures due to fire. Using nonlinear finite element (FE) models, this study examines the buckling strength of steel plate girder webs subject to fire temperatures. The models were validated with experimental results presented by other researchers, and the validation study resulted in recommendations for appropriate FE representations of material properties and boundary conditions. The elastic shear buckling stress (τcr) and ultimate shear buckling stress (τu) was then studied for web plates with various span-to-depth (a/D) ratios and a range of temperatures representing fire conditions. The results of this parametric study were compared to predictions given by the Basler-Thürlimann (BT) closed-form solution, which was originally developed to predict τu at ambient temperature. Various representations of the elevated temperature stress, at the time of τu, were used in the BT solution and compared to the FE results. It was found that the BT solution provides adequate predictions of τu at elevated temperatures with appropriate substitutions for the yield stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-406
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Volume101
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys

Keywords

  • Elevated temperatures
  • Fire
  • Nonlinear finite element analysis
  • Postbuckling
  • Steel girder bridge
  • Web shear buckling

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