Electrothermal characterization of AlMn transition-edge sensor bolometers for advanced ACTPol

Kevin T. Crowley, Jason E. Austermann, Shannon M. Duff, Patricio A. Gallardo, Gene C. Hilton, Johannes Hubmayr, Sara M. Simon, Suzanne T. Staggs, Joel N. Ullom, Edward J. Wollack

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Current and future Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarization anisotropy measurements demand large (104-105) numbers of high-performing detectors in order to unveil minute signals. At the forefront of the detector options available to this field are transition-edge sensor (TES) bolometers, which use superconducting thin films as extremely sensitive thermistors. Understanding the behavior of these TESes is critical to leveraging their full potential and identifying trade-offs between robustness and sensitivity in their design. In this work, we report on measurements of TES bolometers designed for the Advanced ACTPol (AdvACT) upgrade to the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT). Using a three-stage SQUID amplifier chain, time-division multiplexing electronics, and an external signal generator, we characterize the impedance and noise properties of a set of test TES bolometers measured in the laboratory, encompassing various designs, over a wide signal band. Using the impedance data, we are able to explore deviations from the assumed bolometer model in use for TES design and instrument sensitivity forecasts. Modeling these deviations as the result of decoupling of bolometer elements, we extract parameters describing this extended model. We are then able to compare the noise spectra of the devices to forward modeling based on the TES parameters in the extended model. We explore how excess noise varies, and conclude with a discussion of how our results can be useful for designing future TES arrays based on the expected impact of the measured effects on instrumental sensitivities, and the relevance of these results to bolometer designs for upcoming CMB experiments like Simons Observatory and CMB-S4.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMillimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy IX
EditorsJonas Zmuidzinas, Jian-Rong Gao
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Print)9781510619692
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
EventMillimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy IX 2018 - Austin, United States
Duration: Jun 12 2018Jun 15 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume10708
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Other

OtherMillimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy IX 2018
CountryUnited States
CityAustin
Period6/12/186/15/18

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Keywords

  • Bolometers
  • Cosmic Microwave Background
  • imepdance
  • noise performance
  • transition-edge sensors

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