Electron dynamics in a beating electrostatic wave magnetic null thruster

Matthew S. Feldman, Edgar Y. Choueiri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Electron dynamics in a beating-electrostatic-wave-powered magnetic null thruster are explored in order to determine a mechanism that allows for electrons to exit the thruster. Electron behavior inside of the region of magnetic field reversal is shown to be different from that of the ions due to the relative difference in characteristic Larmor orbit size compared to the characteristic size of the null. The analysis led to a thruster design criterion stated in terms of the relative sizes of electron and ion Larmor radii. An analytical expression for the fraction of electrons which experience adverse reverse drifting orbits inside the null is derived. Additionally, the expected drift velocity of forward moving electrons within the null region is calculated. A scaling relationship for the rate at which electrons enter the null region through collisional processes is also developed. These three parameters are all shown to be dependent on a single non-dimensional ratio of the electron thermal Larmor radius to the size of the null region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication48th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2012
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc.
ISBN (Print)9781600869358
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Event48th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2012 - Atlanta, GA, United States
Duration: Jul 30 2012Aug 1 2012

Publication series

Name48th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2012

Other

Other48th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 2012
CountryUnited States
CityAtlanta, GA
Period7/30/128/1/12

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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