Electrical decoupling of microbial electrochemical reactions enables spontaneous H2 evolution

Xi Chen, Fernanda Leite Lobo, Yanhong Bian, Lu Lu, Xiaowen Chen, Melvin P. Tucker, Yuxi Wang, Zhiyong Jason Ren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Hydrogen evolution is not a spontaneous reaction, so current electrochemical H2 systems either require an external power supply or use complex photocathodes. We present in this study that by using electrical decoupling, H2 can be produced spontaneously from wastewater. A power management system (PMS) circuit was deployed to decouple bioanode organic oxidation from abiotic cathode proton reduction in the same electrolyte. The special PMS consisted of a boost converter and an electromagnetic transformer, which harvested energy from the anode followed by voltage magnification from 0.35 V to 2.2-2.5 V, enabling in situ H2 evolution for over 96 h without consuming any external energy. This proof-of-concept demonstrated a cathode faradaic efficiency of 91.3% and a maximum overall H2 conversion efficiency of 28.9%. This approach allows true self-sustaining wastewater to H2 evolution, and the system performance can be improved via the PMS and reactor optimization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-502
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy and Environmental Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Pollution


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