Electric field effects on monolayers at the air-water interface

S. R. Middleton, B. A. Pethica

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44 Scopus citations


Application of an electric field to insoluble monolayers at an air-water interface is shown to induce changes in surface pressure and monolayer density which correlate with surface potentials in accordance with a recently published thermodynamic analysis using Gibbsian methods. For twocomponent monolayers, the interdependence of local fields and composition has been demonstrated qualitatively. The results provide experimental proof that the thermodynamic treatments of the Volta effect due to Kelvin, Lorentz and Bridgman are incorrect. These treatments essentially ignore the dependence of the interfacial structure of oriented dipoles on the applied field. Correspondingly, the experimental results open up novel approaches for relating these interfacial structures to interfacial potentials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-123
Number of pages15
JournalFaraday Symposia of the Chemical Society
StatePublished - 1981
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • General Engineering


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