El Niño Southern Oscillation phenomena

S. G.H. Philander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

344 Scopus citations

Abstract

At intervals that vary from 2 to 10 yr sea-surface temperatures and rainfall are unusually high and the tradewinds are unusually weak over the tropical Pacific Ocean. These Southern Oscillation El Niño events which devastate the ecology of the coastal zones of Ecuador and Peru, which affect the global atmospheric circulation and which can contribute to severe winters over northern America, often develop in a remarkably predictable manner. But the event which began in 1982 has not followed this pattern.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-301
Number of pages7
JournalNature
Volume302
Issue number5906
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1983

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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    Philander, S. G. H. (1983). El Niño Southern Oscillation phenomena. Nature, 302(5906), 295-301. https://doi.org/10.1038/302295a0