The classical Grothendieck inequality has applications to the design of approximation algorithms for NP-hard optimization problems. We show that an algorithmic interpretation may also be given for a noncommutative generalization of the Grothendieck inequality due to Pisier and Haagerup. Our main result, an efficient rounding procedure for this inequality, leads to a polynomial-time constant-factor approximation algorithm for an optimization problem which generalizes the Cut Norm problem of Frieze and Kannan, and is shown here to have additional applications to robust principal component analysis and the orthogonal Procrustes problem.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Approximation algorithms
- Grothendieck inequality
- Principal component analysis
- Semidefinite programming