Estimation of the angular power spectrum of the cosmic microwave background on a small patch of sky is usually plagued by serious spectral leakage, especially when the map has a hard edge. Even on a full-sky map, point source masks can alias power from large scales to small scales producing excess variance at high multipoles. We describe a new fast, simple, and local method for estimation of power spectra on small patches of the sky that minimizes spectral leakage and reduces the variance of the spectral estimate. For example, when compared with the standard uniform sampling approach on a 8degree×8degree patch of the sky with 2% area masked due to point sources, our estimator halves the error bars at =2000 and achieves a more than fourfold reduction in error bars at =3500. Thus, a properly analyzed experiment will have error bars at =3500 equivalent to those of an experiment analyzed with the now standard technique with ∼16-25 times the integration time.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)