Efficient perovskite light-emitting diodes featuring nanometre-sized crystallites

Zhengguo Xiao, Ross A. Kerner, Lianfeng Zhao, Nhu L. Tran, Kyung Min Lee, Tae Wook Koh, Gregory D. Scholes, Barry P. Rand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1184 Scopus citations


Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite materials are emerging as highly attractive semiconductors for use in optoelectronics. In addition to their use in photovoltaics, perovskites are promising for realizing light-emitting diodes (LEDs) due to their high colour purity, low non-radiative recombination rates and tunable bandgap. Here, we report highly efficient perovskite LEDs enabled through the formation of self-assembled, nanometre-sized crystallites. Large-group ammonium halides added to the perovskite precursor solution act as a surfactant that dramatically constrains the growth of 3D perovskite grains during film forming, producing crystallites with dimensions as small as 10 nm and film roughness of less than 1 nm. Coating these nanometre-sized perovskite grains with longer-chain organic cations yields highly efficient emitters, resulting in LEDs that operate with external quantum efficiencies of 10.4% for the methylammonium lead iodide system and 9.3% for the methylammonium lead bromide system, with significantly improved shelf and operational stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)108-115
Number of pages8
JournalNature Photonics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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