Efficient fiber-optical interface for nanophotonic devices

T. G. Tiecke, K. P. Nayak, J. D. Thompson, T. Peyronel, N. P. De Leon, V. Vuletić, M. D. Lukin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

125 Scopus citations


We demonstrate a method for efficient coupling of guided light from a single-mode optical fiber to nanophotonic devices. Our approach makes use of single-sided conical tapered optical fibers that are evanescently coupled over the last ∼10 μm to a nanophotonic waveguide. By means of adiabatic mode transfer using a properly chosen taper, single-mode fiber-waveguide coupling efficiencies as high as 97 (1)% are achieved. Efficient coupling is obtained for a wide range of device geometries, which are either singly clamped on a chip or attached to the fiber, demonstrating a promising approach for integrated nanophotonic circuits, and quantum optical and nanoscale sensing applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)70-75
Number of pages6
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


  • Microstructured fibers
  • Nanophotonics and photonic crystals
  • Nanostructure fabrication
  • Waveguides


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