Effects of thermal and fuel stratifications and turbulence transport on knocking formation for dimethyl ether/air mixtures

Tianhan Zhang, Weiqi Sun, Liang Wang, Yiguang Ju

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

The effects of thermal and fuel stratification and turbulent transport on knocking formation are numerically modeled in the negative temperature coefficient region using dimethyl ether/air mixtures with a detailed chemistry. The critical conditions of knocking formation with thermal and fuel concentration gradients are examined. The effects of turbulence timescales, length scale, and Reynolds number on knocking development and knocking strength are explored. The results show that either a thermal gradient, concentration gradient, or combine gradients can initiate knocking. A unified criterion and diagram for knocking formation including both thermal and fuel concentration gradients as well as the normalized length scale of gradient fields is demonstrated. The results show that turbulence transport can delay knocking/detonation transition and dramatically reduce detonation strength due to turbulent mixing. It is found that when turbulence time scale is much shorter than the ignition delay time of the gradient field, the knocking formation will be modified. With a given turbulence time scale, a larger the turbulence length scale will induce a broader mixing in the preheated zone in front of detonation wave, and thus reduces the knocking strength. Moreover, knocking formation in a smaller gradient kernel is more affected and weakened by turbulence transport. The present research provides important insights of knocking formation and control of knocking using stratifications and turbulence in the real engines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Event2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018 - State College, United States
Duration: Mar 4 2018Mar 7 2018

Other

Other2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018
CountryUnited States
CityState College
Period3/4/183/7/18

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Keywords

  • Concentration gradient
  • Knocking and Detonation
  • Temperature gradient
  • Turbulent transport

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of thermal and fuel stratifications and turbulence transport on knocking formation for dimethyl ether/air mixtures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this