Effects of Laser Phase Drift on Coherent Optical CDMA

Leslie A. Rusch, H. Vincent Poor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Code division multiple access (CDMA) has been proposed for use in fiber high speed point-to-point systems. Previous research into CDMA has centered on completely coherent detection, that is, when the phases of all users in the system are known or tracked. While coherent detection is a reasonable assumption in many radio frequency systems, semiconductor lasers suffer from serious phase variation that makes tracking of all phases difficult to accomplish. This paper examines the effects of phase drift on several multiuser detectors for binary phase shift keying (BPSK), as well as two detectors for binary frequency shift keying (BFSK). It is shown that when the desired user's phase can be tracked, BPSK match filtering offers better bit error rates than BFSK, and closed form solutions for the asymptotic error probabilities are derived. When there is no phase tracking, it is shown that the probability of error of the multiuser detectors approaches one half. The analysis is based on a proof of the asymptotic normality of the interference caused by even a single undesired user. All asymptotic results are for infinitely long spreading codes that can be modeled as a random sequence of plus and minus ones. Whether or not the desired user's phase is tracked, all receivers examined suffer from the near-far problem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)577-591
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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