Effects of compression and stretch on the determination of laminar flame speeds using propagating spherical flames

Z. Chen, M. P. Burke, Yiguang Ju

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

175 Scopus citations


The effects of flow compression and flame stretch on the accurate determination of laminar flame speeds at normal and elevated pressures using propagating spherical flames at constant pressure or constant volume are studied theoretically and numerically. The results show that both the compression-induced flow motion and flame stretch have significant impacts on the accuracy of flame speed determination. For the constant pressure method, a new method to obtain a compression-corrected flame speed (CCFS) for nearly constant pressure spherical bomb experiments is presented. Likewise, for the constant volume method, a technique to obtain a stretch-corrected flame speed (SCFS) at elevated pressures and temperatures is developed. The validity of theoretical results for both constant pressure and constant volume methods is demonstrated by numerical simulations using detailed chemistry for hydrogen/air, methane/air, and propane/air mixtures. It is shown that the present CCFS and SCFS methods not only improve the accuracy of the flame speed measurements significantly but also extend the parameter range of experimental conditions. The results can be used directly in experimental measurements of laminar flame speeds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-364
Number of pages22
JournalCombustion Theory and Modelling
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


  • Compression effect
  • Flame stretch rate
  • Laminar flame speed
  • Spherical flame


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