Effects of cathode electron emission on Hall thruster discharge

Yevgeny Raitses, Erik Granstedt, Artem Smirnov, Enrique Merino, Nathaniel J. Fisch

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Low power cylindrical and annular geometry Hall thrusters are operated in a non-self-sustained regime with different thermionic cathode-neutralizers. The enhancement of the electron emission with a keeper current for the hollow cathode and with a wire heating for the filament cathode leads to a significant (up to 30%) narrowing of the plasma plume and increase of the energetic ion fraction. For the cylindrical Hall thruster, the observed variations of the plasma potential, electron temperature, and plasma density with the keeper current suggest that the electron emission from the cathode can affect the electron cross-field transport and the ionization in the thruster channel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008
Event44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit - Hartford, CT, United States
Duration: Jul 21 2008Jul 23 2008

Publication series

Name44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit

Other

Other44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit
CountryUnited States
CityHartford, CT
Period7/21/087/23/08

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Energy(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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