The production of cytoplasmic and nucleolar rRNA species was examined in HeLa cells infected with high multiplicities of adenovirus type 5. Both 28S and 18S rRNA newly synthesized in infected cells ceased to enter the cytoplasm as reported previously. However, the effects on 28S cytoplasmic rRNA were observed considerably earlier in the infectious cycle than those on 18S rRNA. The inhibition of cellular protein synthesis and of the appearance in the cytoplasm of labeled cellular mRNA sequences were also monitored in infected cultures. During the later periods of an infectious cycle, from 18 h after infection, nucleolar rRNA synthesis and processing and exit of 18S rRNA from the nucleus were inhibited, probably reflecting the failure of infected cells to synthesize normal quantities of ribosomal proteins. The earliest responses of cellular RNA metabolism to adenovirus infection were, however, the rapid and apparently coordinate reductions in the levels of newly synthesized 28S rRNA and cellular mRNA sequences entering the cytoplasm.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology